Forest Health Bibliography

Articles K-L

Kahl, J. S., S. A. Norton, I. J. Fernandez, K. J. Nadelhoffer, C. T. Driscoll, and J. D. Aber, Environ. Sci. Technol., 27, 565-568, 1993.

Kainulainen, P., Satka, A. Mustaniemi, J. K. Holopainen, and J. Oksanen, Conifer aphids in an air-polluted environment. II. Host plant quality, Environ. Pollut., 80, 193-200, 1993.

Kainulainen, P., J. K. Holopainen, H. Hyttinen, and J. Oksanen, Effect of ozone on the biochemistry and aphid infestation of Scots pine, Phytochem., 35, 39-42, 1994.

Kainulainen, P., J. K. Holopainen, and J. Oksanen, Effects of gaseous air pollutants on secondary chemistry of Scots pine and Norway spruce seedlings, Water, Air, and Soil Pollut., 85, 1393-1398, 1995.

Kainulainen, P., J. K. Holopainen, and J. Oksanen, Effects of SO2 on the concentrations of carbohydrates and secondary compounds in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) seedlings, New Phytol., 130, 231-238, 1995.

Kaiser, J., Acid rain's dirty business: Stealing minerals from soil, Science, 272, 198, 1996.

Kalisz, P. J., R. W. Zimmerman, and R. N. Muller, Root density, abundance, and distribution in the mixed mesophytic forest of eastern Kentucky, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 51, 220-225, 1987.

Kallend, A. S., A. R. W. Marsh, J. H. Pickles, and M. V. Proctor, Acidity of rain in Europe, Atmos. Environ., 17, 127-138, 1983.

Kandler, O., The German forest decline situation: A complex disease of a complex of diseases, in P. D. Manion and D. Lachance, eds., Forest Decline Concepts, APS Press, St. Paul, NM, 59-84, 1992.

Kandler, O., and W. Miller, Dynamics of "acute yellowing" in spruce connected with Mg deficiency, Water, Air, and Soil Pollut., 54, 21-34, 1990/91.

Kandler, O., and J. L. Innes, Air pollution and forest decline in central Europe, Environ. Pollut., 90, 171-180, 1995.

Kangasjärvi, J. Talvinen, M. Utriainen, and R. Karjalainen, Plant defence systems induced by ozone, Plant, Cell and Environ., 17, 783-794, 1994.

Karl, T. R., and P. M. Steurer, Increased cloudiness in the United States during the first half of the twentieth century: Fact or fiction?, Geophys. Res. Lett., 17, 1925-1928, 1990.

Karl, T. R., R. W. Knight, G. Kukla, and J. Gavin, Evidence for radiative effects of anthropogenic sulfate aerosols in the observed climate record, in R. Charlson and J. Heintzenberg, eds., Aerosol Forcing of Climate, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., 363-382, 1995.

Karlsson, P. E., E.-L. Medin, H. Wichström, G. Selldén, G. Wallin, S. Ottosson, and L. Skärby, Ozone and drought stress - interactive effects on the growth and physiology of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.), Water, Air and Soil Pollut., 85, 1325-1330, 1995.

Karnosky, D. F., Z. E. Gagnon, D. D. Reed, and J. A. Witter, Growth and biomass allocation of symptomatic and asymptomatic Populus tremuloides clones in response to seasonal ozone exposures, Can. J. For. Res., 22, 1785-1788, 1992.

Karnosky, D. F., Z. E. Gagnon, D. D. Reed, and J. A. Witter, Effects of genotype on the resonse of Populus tremuloides Michx. to ozone and nitrogen deposition, Water, Air, and Soil Pollut., 62, 189-199, 1992.

Karnosky, D. F., Z. E. Gagnon, R. E. Dickson, M. D. Coleman, E. H. Lee, and J. G. Isebrands, Changes in growth, leaf abscission, and biomass associated with seasonal tropospheric ozone exposures of Populus tremuloides clones and seedlings, Can. J. For. Res., 26, 23-37, 1996.

Kasbohm, J. W., M. R. Vaughan, and J. G. Kraus, Food habits and nutrition of black bears during a gypsy moth infestation, Can. J. Zool., 73, 1771-1775, 1995.

Kasbohm, J. W., M. R. Vaughan, and J. G. Kraus, Effects of gypsy moth infestation on black bear reproduction and survival, J. Wildl. Manage., 60, 408-416, 1996.

Kasibhatla, P., W. L. Chameides, and J. St. John, A three-dimensional global model investigation of seasonal variations in the atmospheric burden of anthropogenic sulfate aerosols, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 3737-3759, 1997.

Kato, N., Analysis of structure of energy consumption and dynamics of emission of atmospheric species related to the global environmental change (SOx, NOx, and CO2) in Asia, Atmos. Environ., 30, 757-785, 1996.

Katzensteiner, K., Mineral nutrition and soil status in Norway spruce (Picea abies Karst.) ecosystems in the Bohemian Forest (upper Austria), Forstliche Schriftenreihe, Universität für Bodenkultur Wien, 7, 57-66, 1994.

Katzensteiner, K., G. Glatzel, and M. Kazda, Nitrogen-induced nutritional imbalances--a contributing factor to Norway spruce decline in the Bohemian Forests (Austria), Forest Ecol. and Management, 51, 29-42, 1992.

Katzensteiner, K., O. Eckmuellner, R. Jandl, G. Glatzel, H. Sterba, A. Wessely and R. F. Jüttl, Revitalization experiments in magnesium deficient Norway spruce stands in Austria, Plant and Soil, 168-169, 489-500, 1995.

Kaupenjohann, M., H. Döhler, and M. Bauer, Effects on N-immissions on nutrient status and vitality of Pinus sylverstris near a hen house, Plant Soil., 113, 279-282, 1989a.

Kaupenjohann, M., W. Zech. R. Hantschel, R. Horn, and B. U. Schneider, Effects of fertilization, Ch. 4-G in Schulze, E.-D., O. L. Lange, and R. Oren, eds., Forest Decline and Air Pollution, Ecological Studies 77, Springer-Verlag, New York, pp 418-424, 1989b.

Kauppi, P. E., K. Mielikäinen, and K. Kuusela, Biomass and carbon budget of European forests, 1971-1990, Science, 256, 70-74, 1992.

Kaus, A., V. Schmitt, A. Simon, and A. Wild, Micropscopical and mycological investigations on wood of pendunculate oak (Quercus robur L.) relative to the occurrence of oak decline, J. Plant Physiol., 148, 302-308, 1996.

Ke, J., and J. M. Skelly, Relationships between symptoms expressed by Norway spruce and foliar and soil elemental status, Water, Air and Soil Pollut., 74, 289-305, 1994.

Keene, W. C., and J. N. Galloway, Organic acidity in precipitation of North America, Atmos. Environ., 18, 2491-2497, 1984.

Keene, W. C., B. W. Mosher, D. J. Jacob, J. W. Munger, R. W. Talbot, R. S. Artz, J. R. Maben, B. C. Daube, and J. N. Galloway, Carboxylic acids in clouds at a high-elevation forested site in central Virginia, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 9345-9357, 1995.

Keller, T. Air pollutants, Ch. 14 in Physiology of Trees, A. S. Raghavendra, ed., John Wiley & Sons, 337-357, 1991.

Keller, T., and R. Häsler, Some effects of long-term ozone fumigations on Norway spruce. I. Gas exchange and stomatal response, Trees, 1, 129-133, 1987.

Keller, T., R. Matyssek, and M. S. Günthardt-Goerg, Beech foliage as a bioindicator of pollution near a waste incinerator, Environ. Pollut., 85, 185-189, 1994.

Kelly, J. M., Annual elemental input/output estimates for two forested watershed in eastern Tennessee, J. Environ. Qual., 17, 463-468, 1988.

Kelly, J. M., and D. W. Johnson, Sulfur and nitrogen uptake by loblolly pine seedlings as influences by nitrogen and sulfur addition, Forest Sci., 28, 725-731, 1982.

Kelly, J. M., and J. F. Meagher, Nitrogen input/output relationships for three forested watersheds in eastern Tennessee, in Watershed Research Perspectives, D. L. Correll, ed., Smithsonian Institution Press, Wash., DC, pp 360-391, 1986.

Kelly, J. M., and R. C. Stickland, Throughfall and plant nutrient concentration response to simulated acid rain treatment, Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 29,. 219-231, 1985.

Kelly, J. M., and R. C. Stickland, Soil nutrient leaching in response to simulated acid rain treatment, Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 34, 167-181, 1987.

Kelly, J. M., M. Schaedle, F. C. Thornton, and J. D. Joslin, Sensitivity of tree seedlings to aluminum: II. Red oak, sugar maple, and European beech, J. Environ. Qual., 19, 172-179, 1990.

Kelly, J. M., G. E. Taylor, Jr., N. T. Edwards, M. B. Adams, G. S. Edwards, and A. L. Friend, Growth, physiology, and nutrition of loblolly pine seedlings stressed by ozone and acidic precipitation: A summary of the ROPIS-South Project, Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 69, 363-391, 1993.

Kelly, J. M., L. Samuelson, G. Edwards, P. Hanson, D. Kelting, A. Mays, and S. Wullschleger, Are seedlings reasonable surrogats for trees? An analysis of ozone impacts on Quercus rubra, Water, Air and Soil Pollut., 85, 1317-1324, 1995.

Kelly, M. O., and P. J. Davies, The control of whole plant senescence, CRC Critical Rev. Plant Sci., 7, 139-173, 1988.

Kelly, N. A., G. T. Wolff, and M. A. Ferman, Sources and sinks of ozone in rural areas, Atmos. Environ., Atmos. Environ., 18, 1251-1266, 1984.

Kelting, D. L., J. A. Burger, G. S. Edwards, The effects of ozone on the root dynamics of seedlings and mature red oak (Quercus rubra L.), Forest Ecology and Management, 79, 197-206, 1995.

Kertis, J. A., R. Gross, D. L. Peterson, M. J. Arbaugh, R. B. Standiford, and D. D. McCreary, Growth trends of blue oak (Quercus douglasii) in California, Can. J. For. Res., 23, 1720-1724, 1993.

Khanna, P. K., and B. Ulrich, Changes in the chemistry of throughfall under stands of beech and spruce following the addition of fertilizers, Acta Æcol. Plant., 2, 155-164, 1981.

Khemani, L. T., G. A. Momin, P. S. P. Rao, A. G. Pillai, P. D. Safai, K. Mohan, and M. G. Rao, Atmospheric pollutants and their influence on acidification of rain water at an industrial location on the west coast of India, Atmos. Environ., 28, 3145-3154, 1994.

Khwaja, H. A., and J. Husain, Chemical characterization of acid precipitation in Albany, New York, Atmos. Environ., 24A, 1869-1882, 1990.

Khwaja, H. A., S. Brudnoy, and J. Husain, Chemical characterization of three summer cloud episodes at Whiteface Mountain, Chemosphere, 31, 3357-3381, 1995.

Kiehl, J. T., and B. P. Briegleb, ?

Science, 260, 311-314, 1993.

Kiikkilä, O., K. Mikkola, T. Myllyvirta, and H. Fritze, Soil acidity status in polluted and non-polluted areas in southern Finland, Scand. J. For. Res., 9, 193-202, 1994.

Kim, D.-S., and V. P. Aneja, Chemical composition of clouds at Mt. Mitchell, North Carolina, USA, Tellus, 44B, 41-53, 1992.

Kimes, D. S., B. N. Holben, J. E. Nickeson, and W. A. McKee, Extracting forest age in a Pacific Northwest forest from Thematic Mapper and topographic data, Remote Sens. Environ., 56, 133-140, 1996.

Kindermann, G., K. Hüve, S. Slovik, H. Lux, and H. Rennenberg, Is emission of hydrogen sulfide a dominant factor of SO2 detoxification? - A comparison of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.), Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and blue spruce (Picea pungens Engelm.) in the Ore Mountains, Phyton, 35, 255-267, 1995.

Klepzig, K. D., E. B. Smalley, and K. F. Raffa, Combined chemical defenses against an insect-fungal complex, J. Chem. Ecol., 22, 1367-1388, 1996.

Kley, D., H. Geiss, and V. A. Mohnen, Tropospheric ozone at elevated sites and precursor emissions in the United States and Europe, Atmos. Environ., 28, 149-158, 1994.

Klironomos, J. N.//Allen, M. F., UV-B-mediated changes on below-ground communities associated with the roots of Acer saccharum, Functional Ecology, 9, 923-930, 1995.

Kobayashi, K., Variation in the relationship between ozone exposure and crop yield as derived from simple models of crop growth and ozone impact, Atmos. Environ., 31, 703-714, 1997.

Koch, R., Untersuchung über Bacterien. V. Die Aetiologie der Milzbrand-Krankheit, begründet auf die Entwicklungsgeschichte des Bacillus Anthracis, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen, 2, 277-310, 1876.

Köhl, M., J. L. Innes, and E. Kaufmann, Reliability of differing densities of sample grids used for monitoring of forest condition in Europe, Enviorn. Mon. and Assess., 29, 201-220, 1994.

Kölling, C., and J. Prietzel, Correlations between nitrate and sulfate in the soil solution of disturbed forest ecosystems, Biogeochem. 31, 121-138, 1995.

Koneva, G. G., and S. Koponen, Density of ground-living spiders (Araneae) near smelter in Kola Peninsula, in M. V. Kozlov, E. Haukioja, and V. T. Yarmishko, eds., Aerial Pollution in Kola Peninsula: Proc. Workshop, April 14-16, 1992, St. Petersburg, Apatity, p. 365, 1993.

Koopmans, C. J., W. C. Lubrecht, and A. Tietema, Nitrogen transformations in two nitrogen saturated forest ecosystems subjected to an experimental decrease in nitrogen deposition, Plant and Soil, 175, 205-218, 1995.

Koponen, S., and P. Niemelä, Ground-living spiders in a polluted pine forest, SW Finland, Boll. Acc. Gioenia Sci. Nat., 26, 221-226, 1994.

Koponen, S., and P. Niemelä, Ground-living arthropods along pollution gradient in boreal pine forest, Entomologica Fennica, 6, 127-131, 1995.

Kopáek, L. Procházková, J. Hejzlar, and P. Blaka, Trends and seasonal patterns of bulk deposition of nutrients in the Czech Republic, Atmos. Environ., 31, 797-808, 1997.

Koptsik, G., E. Silaeva, I. Mukhina, and ?. Nedbaev, Forest soil buffering to acid deposition, in Effects of air pollutants on terrestrial exosystems in the border area between Norway and Russia, Proc. second symp., Svanvik, Norway, 3-5 Oct. 1994, E. Løbersli and K. Venn, eds., 61-66.

Koptsik, G., Forest soil response on air pollution in the north-western part of Kola Peninsula, Proc. 10th World Clean Air Congress, Espoo, Finland, spons. by The International Union of Air Pollution Prevention and Environmental Protection Assoc., May 28-June 2, 1995, 419-422.

Koptsik, G., and D. Aamlid, Effects of soil contamination on forest status near a nickel smelter, in Sols Contaminés, Troisieme Conférence Internat. sur la Biogéochimie des Éléments traces, Paris, 15-19 May 1995, B1-B2.

Koptsik, G., and I. Mukhina, Effects of acid deposition on acidity and exchangeable cations in podzols of the Kola Peninsula, Water, Air and Soil Pollut., 85, 1209-1214, 1995.

Koptsik, G. N., and Ye. D. Silayeva, Buffering capacity of forest litters to acid atmospheric precipitation, Eurasian Soil Sci., 28, 124-136, 1996

Koricheva, J., Can parasitoids explain density patterns of Eriocrania (Lepidopter: Eriocraniidae) miners in a polluted area?, Acta cologica, 15, 365-378, 1994.

Koricheva, J., and E. Haukioja, Effects of air pollution on host plant quality, individual performance, and population density of Eriocrania miners (Lepidoptera: Eriocraniidae), Environ. Entomology, 21, 1386-1392, 1992.

Koricheva, J., and E. Haukioja, Variations in chemical composition of birch foliage under air pollution stress and their consequences for Eriocrania miners, Environ. Pollut., 88, 41-50, 1995.

Koricheva, J., J. Lappalainen, and E. Haukioja, Ant predation of Eriocrania miners in a polluted area, Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 75, 75-82, 1995.

Koricheva, J., S. Roy, J. A. Vranjic, E. Haukioja, P.R. Hughes, and O. Hänninen, Antioxidant responses to simulated acid rain and heavy metal deposition in birch seedlings, Environ. Pollut., 95, 249-258, 1997.

Kotowski, M., L. Pawlowski, H. M. Seip, and R. D. Vogt, Mobilization of aluminium in soil columns exposed to acids or salt solutions, Ecological Engineering, 3, 279-290, 1994.

Kova, M., Ten years of forest decline inventory in Slovenia - an overview, Phyton, 36, 167-170, 1996.

Kozlov, M.V., B. J. Wilsey, J. Koricheva, and E. Haukioja, Fluctuation asymmetry of birch leaves increases under pollution impact, J. Appl. Ecol., 33, 1489-1495, 1996.

Kozlowski, T. T., and H. A. Constantinidou, Responses of woody plants to environmental pollution, Forestry Abstracts, 47, 5-51, 1986.

Kräuchi, N., Modelling forest succession as influenced by a changing environment, Schnee und Landscahft, 69, 143-271, 1994.

Kress, L. W., and J. M. Skelly, Response of several eastern forest tree species to chronic do ses of ozone and nitrogen dioxide, Plant Disease, 66, 1149-1152, 1982.

Kress, L. W., H. L. Allen, J. E. Mudano, and W. W. Heck, Response of loblolly pine to acidic precipitation and ozone, Air Pollut. Control Assoc. Annual Meeting reprint No. 88-70.5, Dallas, TX, June 19-24, 1988, 11 pp.

Kress, L. W., H. L. Allen, J. E. Mudano, and T. K. Stow, Impact of ozone on loblolly pine seedling foliage production and retention, Environ. Sci. Technol., 11, 1115-1128, 1992.

Kronzucker, H. J., M. Y. Siddiqi, and A. D. M. Glass, Conifer root discrimination against soil nitrate and the ecology of forest succession, Nature, 385, 59-61, 1997.

Kros, H., and P. Warfvinge, Evaluation of model behaviour with respect to the biogeochemistry at the Solling spruce site, Ecol. Modelling, 83, 255-262, 1995.

Krupa, S. V., and W. J. Manning, Atmospheric ozone: Formation and effects on vegetation, Environ. Pollut., 50, 101-137, 1988.

Kudela and Wolf, 1963, in Christiansen, 1989.

Kull, O., A. Sober, M. D. Coleman, R. E. Dickson, J. G. Isebrands, Z. Gagnon, and D. F. Karnosky, Photosynthetic responses of aspen clones to simultaneous exposures of ozone and CO2, Can. J. For. Res., 26, 639-648, 1996.

Kuperman, R. G., Abundance of soil macroinvertebrates in oak-hickory forests along the Ohio river acidic deposition gradient, Acta Zool. Fennica, 196, 76-79, 1995.

Kuperman, R. G., Relationships between soil properties and community structure of soil macroinvertebrates in oak-hickory forests along an acidic deposition gradient, Appl. Soil Ecol., 4, 125-137, 1996.

Kuperman, R. G., and C. A. Edwards, Effects of acidic deposition on soil invertebrates and microortanisms, REv. Environ. Contam. and Toxicology, 148, 35-138, 1997.

Kytö, M., P. Niemelä, and S. Larsson, Insects on trees: Population and individual response to fertilization, Oikos, 75, 148-159, 1996.

Kytöviita, M.-M., H. Fritze, and S. Neuvonen, The effects of acidic irrigation on soil micro-organisms at Kevo, northern Finland, Environ. Pollut., 66, 21-31, 1990.

Labandeira-Villot, X., Market instruments and the control of acid rain damage, Energy Policy, 24, 841-854, 1996.

Laine, A., J. Itämies, M. Orell, and S. Kvist, Invertebrate fauna of Norway spruce (Picea abies) saplings and its connection with the nitrogen, sulphur and phenolics concentration of the needles, Entomologica Fennica, 5, 177-185, 1995.

Laing, W. A., and J. T. Christeller, A model for the kinetics of activation and catalysis of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase, Biochem. J., 159, 563-570, 1976.

Lambers, H., Rising CO2 secondary plant metabolism, plant-herbivore interactions and litter decomposition, Vegetatio, 104/105, 263-271, 1993.

Lambert, N. J., J. Ardö, B. N. Rock, and J. E. Vogelmann, Spectral characterization and regression-based classification of forest damage in Norway spruce stands in the Czech Republic using Landsat Thematic Mapper data, Int. J. Remote Sens., 16, 1261-1287, 1995.

Lamersdorf, N. P., and M. Meyer, Nutrient cycling and acidification of a northwest German forest site with high atmospheric nitrogen deposition, Forest Ecology and Management, 62, 323-354, 1993.

Landolt, W., M. Günthardt-Goerg, I. Pfenninger, and C. Scheidegger, Ozone-induced microscopical changes and quantitative carbohydrate contents of hybrid poplar (Populus x eruamericana), Trees, 8, 183-190, 1994.

Lane, C. J., D. D. Reed, G. D. Mroz, and H. O. Liechty, Width of sugar maple (Acer saccharum) tree rings as affected by climate, Can. J. For. Res., 23, 2370-2375, 1993.

Langan, Sea-salt induced streamwater acidification, Hydrol. Processes, 3, 25-41, 1989.

Langan, S. J., and M. Hornung, An application and review of the critical load concept to the soils of northern England, Environ. Pollut., 77, 205-210, 1992.

Langan, S. J., and M. J. Wilson, Critical loads of acid deposition on Scottish soils, Water, Air and Soil Pollut., 75, 177-191, 1994.

Laurence, J. A., R. J. Kohut, and R. G. Amundson, Use of TREGRO to simulate the effects of ozone on the growth of red spruce seedlings, Forest Sci., 39, 453-464, 1993.

Laurence, J. A., R. G. Amundson, A. L. Friend, E. J. Pell, and P. J. Temple, Allocation of carbon in plants under stress: An analysis of the ROPIS experiments, J. Environ. Qual., 23, 412-417, 1994.

Laurence, J. A., R. J. Kohut, R. G. Amundson, D. A. Weinstein, and D. C. MacLean, Response of sugar maple to multiple year exposures to ozone and simulated acidic precipitation, Environ. Pollut., 92, 119-126, 1996.

Larkin, R. P., and J. M. Kelly, A short-term microcosm evaluation of CO2 evolution from litter and soil as influences by SO2 and SO4 additions, Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 37, 273-280, 1988.

Larkin, R. P., and J. M. Kelly, Influence of elevated ecosystem S levels on litter decomposition and mineralization, Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 34, 415-428, 1987.

Lavola, A., and R. Julkunen-Tiitto, The effect of elevated carbon dioxide and fertilization on primary and secondary metabolites in birch, Betula pendula {Roth), Oecologia, 99, 315-321, 1994.

Lavola, A., R. Julkunen-Tiitto, and E. Pääkkönen, Does ozone stress change the primary or secondary metabolites of birch (Betula pendula Roth.)?, New Phytol., 126, 637-642, 1994.

Lawrence, G. B., and I. J. Fernandez, Biogeochemical interactions between acidic deposition and a low-elevation spruce-fir stand in Howland, Maine, Can. J. For. Res., 21, 867-875, 1991.

Lawrence, G. B., M. B. David, and W. C. Shortle, A new mechanism for calcium loss in forest-floor soils, Nature, 378, 162-165, 1995.

Leak, W. B., Comparison of standard and actual tree-growth trends for deciduous and coniferous species in New Hampshire, Can. J. For. Res., 17, 1297-1300, 1988.

Leak, W. B., Vegetative change as an index of forest environmental impact, J. Forestry, 90, 32-35, 1992.

LeBlanc, D. C., Relationships between breast-height and whole-stem growth indices for red spruce on Whiteface Mountain, New York, Can. J. For. Res., 20, 1399-1407, 1990.

LeBlanc, D. C., Spatial and temporal variation in the prevalence of growth decline in red spruce populations of the northeastern United States, Can. J. For. Res., 22, 1351-1363, 1992.

LeBlanc, D. C., N. S. Nicholas, and S. M. Zedaker, Prevalence of individual-tree growth decline in red spruce populations of the southern Appalachian Mountains, Can. J. For. Res., 22, 905-914, 1992.

LeBlanc, D. C., Spatial and temporal variations in the prevalence of growth decline in red spruce populations in the northeastern United States: Reply, Can. J. For. Res., 23, 1494-1496, 1993.

LeBlanc, D. C., Temporal and spatial variation of oak growth - climate relationships along a pollution gradient in the midwestern United States, Can. J. For. Res., 23, 772-782, 1993

Lechowicz, M. J., Resource allocation by plants under pollution stress: Implications for plant-pest-pathogen interactions, Bot. Rev., 53, 281-300, 1987.

Lee, E. H., C. Y. Wang, and J. H. Bennett, Soluble carbohydrates in bean leaves transformed into oxidant-tolerant tissues by EDU treatment, Chemosphere, 10, 889-896, 1981a.

Lee, E. H., J. H. Bennett, and H. E. Heggestad, Retardation of senescence in red clover leaf discs by a new antiozonant?, N-[2-(2-oxo-1-imidazolidinyl) ethyl]-N'-phenylurea, Plant Physiol., 67, 347-350, 1981b.

Lee, E. H., W. E. Hogsett, and D. T. Tingey, Attainment and effects issues regarding alternative secondary ozone air quality standards, J. Environ. Qual.,23, 1129-1140, 1994.

Lee, W. S. B. I. Chevone, and J. R. Seiler, Growth and gas exchange of loblolly pine seedlings as influenced by drought and air pollutants, Water, Air and Soil Pollut., 51, 105-116, 1990.

Lefohn, A. S., and V. C. Runeckles, Establishing standards to protect vegetation--ozone exposure/dose considerations, Atmos. Environ., 21, 561-568, 1987.

Lefohn, A. S., J. A. Laurence, and R. J. Kohut, A comparison of indices that describe the relationship between exposure to ozone and reduction in the yield of agricultural crops, Atmos. Environ., 22, 1229-1240, 1988.

Lefohn, A. S., and D. S. Shadwick, Ozone, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen dioxide trends at rural sites located in the United States, Atmos. Environ., 25A, 491-501, 1991.

Lefohn, A. S., D. S. Shadwick, M. Somerville, A. H. Chappelka, B. G. Lockaby, and R. S. Meldahl, Atmos. Environ., 26A, 287-298, 1992.

Lefohn, A. S., P. J. Edwards, and M. B. Adams, The characterization of ozone exposures in rural West Virginia and Virginia, J. Air & Waste Management Assoc., 44, 1276-1283, 1994.

Lefohn, A. S., D. S. Shadwick, M. C. Somerville, A. H. Chappelka, B. G. Lockaby, and R. S. Meldahl, The characteization and comparison of ozone exposure indices used in assessing the response of loblolly pine to ozone, Atmos. Environ., 26A, 287-298, 1992.

Lefohn, A. S., W. Jackson, D. S. Shadwick, and H. P. Knudsen, Effect of surface ozone exposures on vegetation grown in the Southern Appalachian Mountains: Identification of possible areas of concern, Atmos. Environ., 31, 1695-1708, 1997.

Legge, A. H., H. C. Kaufmann, and J. W. Winchester, Tree-ring analysis by PIXE for a historical record of soil chemistry response to acidic air pollution, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., B3, 507-510, 1984.

Legge, A. H., M. Nosal, G. E. McVehil, and S. V. Krupa, Ozone and the clean troposphere: Ecological implications, Environ. Pollut., 70, 157-175, 1991.

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