Forest Health Bibliography

Articles C-D

Calataydu, A., M. J. Sanz, E. Calvo, E. Barreno, and S. del Valle-Tascón, Lichenologist, 28, 49-65, 1996.

Calvert, J. G., and W. R. Stockwell, Acid generation in the troposphere by gas-phase chemistry, Environ. Sci. Technol., 17, 428A-443A, 1983.

Camarero, L., and J. Catalan, Chemistry of bulk precipitation in the central and eastern Pyrenees, northeast Spain, Atmos. Environ., 27A, 83-94, 1993.

Cannon, W. N., Jr., Gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) consumption and utilization of northern red oak and white oak foliage exposed to simulated acid rain and ozone, Environ. Entomol., 22, 669-673, 1993.

Cannon, W. N., Jr., B. R. Roberts, and J. H. Barger, Growth and physiological response of water-stressed yellow-poplar seedlings exposed to chronic ozone fumigation and ethylenediurea, Forest Ecology and Management, 61, 61-73, 1993.

Cape, J. N., L. J. Sheppard, and J. Binnie, Leaf surface properties of Norway spruce needles exposed to sulphur dioxide and ozone in an open-air fumigation systems a Liphook, Plant, Cell and Environ., 18, 285-289, 1995.

Carreira, J.A., A.F. Harrison, L.J. Sheppard, and C. Woods, Reduced soil P availability in a Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carr) plantation induced by applied acid-mist: significance in forest decline, Forest Ecol. Management 92, 153-166, 1997.

Carter, G. A., Responses of leaf spectral reflectance to plant stress, Am. J. Bot., 80, 239-243, 1993.

Carter, G. A., Ratios of leaf reflectances in narrow wavebands as indicators of plant stress, Int. J. Remote Sens., 15, 697-703, 1994.

Carter, G. A., R. J. Mitchell, A. H. Chappelka, and C. H. Brewer, Response of leaf spectral reflectance in loblolly pine to increased atmospheric ozone and precipitation acidity, J. Experiment. Bot., 43, 577-584, 1992.

Carter, G. A., J. Rebbeck, and K. E. Percy, Leaf optical properties in Liriodendron tulipifera and Pinus strobus as influenced by increased atmosepheric ozone and carbon dioxide, Can. J. For. Res., 25, 407-412, 1995.

Carter, K. K., Provenance tests as indicators of growth response to climate change in 10 north temperate tree species, Can. J. For. Res., 26, 1089-1095, 1996.

Cela Renzone, G., L. Viegi, and A. Stefani, Effects of different media components on the germination of Pinus pinaster and P. pinea pollen, in M. Cresti and R. Dallai, eds., Biology of Reproduction and Cell Motility in Plants and Animals, 163-168, 1986.

Cela Renzone, G., L. Viegi, A. Stefani, and A. Onnis, Different in vitro germination responses in Pinus pinea pollen from two localities with different levels of pollution, Ann. Bot. Fennici, 27, 85-90, 1990.

Cela Renzone, G., and L. Viegi, In vitro sensitivity of Pinus pinaster and P. pinea pollen grains to different pH values, Ann. Bot. Fennici, 28, 135-142, 1991.

Chameides, W. L., R. W. Lindsay, J. Richardson, and C. S. Kiang, The role of biogenic hydrocarbons in urban photochemical smog: Atlanta as a case study, Science, 241, 1473-14xx, 1988.

Chameides, W. L., P. S. Kasibhata, J. Yeinger, and H. Levy II, Growth of continental-scale metro-agro-plexes, regional ozone pollution, and world food production, Science, 264, 74-77, 1994.

Chandler, J. W., and J. E. Dale, Nitrogen deficiency and fertilization effects on needle growth and photosynthesis in Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis), Tree Physiol., 15, 813-817, 1995.

Chapin III, F. S., New cog in the nitrogen cycle, Nature, 377, 199-200, 1995.

Chappelka, A. H., E. Hildebrand, J. M. Skelly, D. Mangis, and J. R. Renfro, Effects of ambient ozone concentrations on mature eastern hardwood trees growing in Great Smoky Mountains National Park and Shenandoah National Park, paper 92-150.04, presented at the 85th Annual Meeting, Air & Waste Management Assoc., Kansas City, MO, June 21-26, 1992.

Chappelka, A. H., J. R. Renfro, and G. L. Somers, Visible ozone injury on native plant species within Great Smoky Mountains National Park, presented at 87th Annual Meeting, Air & Waste Manage. Assoc., Cincinnati, Ohio, June 19-24, 1994, Paper 94-TA36.04, 16pp.

Chappelka, A. H., and P. H. Freer-Smith, Predisposition of trees by air pollutants to low temperatures and moisture stress, Environ. Pollut., 87, 105-117, 1995.

Charlson, R. J., and H. Rodhe, Factors controlling the acidity of natural rainwater, Nature, 295, 683-685, 1982.

Charlson, R. J., S. E. Schwartz, J. M. Hales, R. D. Cess, J. A. Coakley, Jr., J. E. Hansen, and D. J. Hofmann, Climate forcing by anthropogenic aerosols, Science, 255, 423-430, 1992.

C. W. Chen and L. E. Gomez, Modeling tree responses to interacting stresses, Ch. 30 in Dixon, R. K., R. S. Meldahl, G. A. Ruark, and W. G. Warren, eds., Process Modeling of Forest Growth Responses to Environmental Stress, Timber Press, 338-350, 1990.

Chow, W. S., A. Melis, and J. M. Anderson, Adjustments of photosystem stoichiometry in chloroplasts improve the quantum efficiency of photosynthesis, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 87, 7502-7506, 1990.

Christ, M., Y. Zhang, G. E. Likens, and C. T. Driscoll, Nitrogen retention capacity of a northern hardwood forest soil under ammonium sulfate additions, Ecological Applic., 5, 802-812, 1995.

Christiansen, E., Bark beetles and air pollution, Medd. Nor. inst. skogforsk., 42, 101-107, 1989.

Christiansen, E., R. H. Waring, and A. A. Berryman, Resistance of conifers to bark beetle attack: Searching for general relationships, For. Ecol. Manage., 22, 89-106, 1987.

Christman, A., B. Frenzel, and P. Schiller, Phytohormones in needles of healthy and declining silver fir (Abies alba Mill.): II. Abscisic acid, J. Plant Physiol., 147, 419-425, 1995.

Chuang, C. C., J. E. Penner, K. E. Taylor, A. S. Grossman, and J. J. Walton, An assessment of the radiative effects of anthropogenic sulfate, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 3761-3778, 1997.

Chung, Y.-S., T.-K. Kim, and K.-H. Kim, Temporal variation and cause of acidic precipitation from a monitoring network in Korea, Atmos. Environ., 13, 2429-2435, 1996.

Cibula, W. G., and G. A. Carter, Identification of a far-red reflectance response to ectomycorrhizae in slash pine, Int. J. Remote Sens., 13, 925-932, 1992.

Clark, C. S., J. A. Weber, E. H. Lee, and W. E. Hogsett, Accentuation of gas exchange gradients in flushes of ponderosa pine exposed to ozone, Tree Physiology, 15, 181-189, 1995.

Clark, T. L., E. C. Voldner, R. L. Dennis, S. K. Seilkop, M. Alvo, and M. P. Olson, The evaluation of long-term sulfur deposition models, Atmos. Environ., 23, 2267-2288, 1989.

Clawson, M., Forests in the long sweep of American history, Science, 204, 1168-1174, 1979.

Clayton, J. L., D. A. Kennedy, and T. Nagel, Soil response to acid deposition, Wind River Mountains, Wyoming: I. Soil properties, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 55, 1427-1433, 1991.

Clayton, J. L., D. A. Kennedy, and T. Nagel, Soil response to acid deposition, Wind River Mountains, Wyoming: II. Column leaching studies, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 55, 1433-1439, 1991.

Clegg, S., and G. R. Gobran, Effects of aluminium on growth and root reaction of phosphorus stressed Betula pendula seedlings, Plant and Soil, 168-169, 173-178, 1995.

Clemensson-Lindell, A., and H. Persson, The effects of nitrogen addition and removal on Norway spruce fine-root vitality and distribution in three catchment areas at Gådrsjön, Forest Ecology and Management, 71, 123-131, 1995.

Clemensson-Lindell, A., and H. Persson, Fine-root vitality in a Norway spruce stand subjected to various nutrient supplies, Plant and Soil, 168-169, 167-172, 1995.

Clément, A., Determination of trace elements in foliar tissues of forest trees for nutrition diagnostics, Sci. Total Environ., 176, 117-120, 1996.

Cobb, F. W., Jr., D. L. Wood, R. W. Stark, and P. R. Miller, Photochemical oxidant injury and bark beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) infestation of ponderosa pine. II. Effect of injury upon physical properties of oleoresin, moisture content, and phloem thickness, Hilgardia, 39, 127-134, 1968a.

Cobb, F. W., Jr., D. L. Wood, R. W. Stark, and J. R. Parmeter, Jr., Photochemical oxidant injury and bark beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) infestation of ponderosa pine. IV. Theory on the relationship between oxidant injury and bark beetle infestation, Hilgardia, 39, 141-152, 1968b.

Cobb, F. W., Jr., D. L. Wood, R. W. Stark, and J. R. Parmeter, Jr., Theory on the relationship between oxidant injury and bark beetle infestation, Hilgardia, 39, 141-152, 1968.

Coe, H., M. W. Gallagher, T. W. Choularton, and C. Dore, Canopy scale measurements of stomatal and cuticular O3 uptake by Sitka spruce, Atmos. Environ., 29, 1413-1423, 1995.

Cohen, W. B., J. D. Kushla, W. J. Ripple, and S. L. Garman, An introduction to digital methods in remote sensing of forested ecosystems: Focus on the Pacific Northwest, USA, Environ. Management, 20, 421-435, 1996

Cohn, R. D., and R. L. Dennis, The evaluation of acid deposition models using principal component spaces, Atmos. Environ., 28, 2531-2543, 1994.

Coleman, J. S., C. G. Jones, and V. A. Krischik, Phytocentric and exploiter perspectives of phytopathology, Adv. Plant Pathol., 8, 149-195, 1992.

Coleman, J. S., and C. G. Jones, Plant stress and insect performance: Cottonwood, ozone and a leaf beetle, Oecologia, 76, 57-61, 1988.

Coleman, M. D., J. G. Isebrands, R. E. Dickson, and D. F. Karnosky, Photosynthetic productivity of aspen clones varying in sensitivity to tropospheric ozone, Tree Physiol., 15, 585-592, 1995.

Coleman, M. D., R. E. Dickson, J. G. Isebrands, and D. F. Karnosky, Carbon allocation and partitioning in aspen clones varying in sensitivity to tropospheric ozone, Tree Physiol., 15, 593-604, 1995.

Coleman, M. D., R. E. Dickson, J. G. Isebrands, and D. F. Karnosky, Root growth and physiology of potted and field-grown trembling aspen exposed to tropospheric ozone, Tree Physiol., 16, 145-152, 1996.

Coley, P. D., Herbivory and defensive characteristics of tree species in a lowland tropical forest, Ecological Monographs, 53, 209-233, 1983.

Coley, P. D., J. P. Bryant, and F. Stuart Chapin, III, Resource availability and plant antiherbivore defense, Science, 230, 895-899, 1985.

Comrie, A. C., The climatology of surface ozone in rural areas: A conceptual model, Progress in Physical Geography, 14, 295-316, 1990.

Comrie, A. C., A synoptic climatology of rural ozone pollution at three forest sites in Pennsylvania, Atmos. Environ., 28, 1601-1614, 1994.

Comrie, A. C., Tracking ozone: Air-mass trajectories and pollutant source regions influencing ozone in Pennsylvania forests, Ann. Assoc. Am. Geographers, 84, 635-651, 1994.

Comrie, A. C., and B. Yarnal, Relationships between synoptic-scale atmospheric circulation and ozone concentrations in metropolitan Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Atmos. Environ., 26B, 301-312, 1992.

Conkley, L. E., Decline in old growth red spruce in western Maine: An analysis of wood density and climate, Can. J. For. Res., 18, 1063-1068, 1988.

Conyers, M. K., N. C. Uren, and K. R. Helyar, Causes of changes in pH in acidic mineral soils, Soil Biol. Biochem., 27, 1383-1392, 1995.

Cook, R. B., J. W. Elwood, R. R. Turner, M. A. Bogle, P. J. Mulholland, and A. V. Palumbo, Acid-base chemistry of high-elevation streams in the Great Smoky Mountains, Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 72, 331-356, 1994.

Cooley, D. R., and W. J. Manning, The impact of ozone on assimilate partitioning in plants: A review, Environ. Pollut., 47, 1-19, 1987.

Cooney, C. M., Utility deregulation, air deposition may make NOx the acid rain of the 1990s, Environmental Science & Technol., 30, 336A-336B, 1996.

Cosby, B. J., G. M. Hornberger, J. N. Galloway, and R. F. Wright, Modeling the effects of acid deposition: Assessment of a lumped parameter model of soil water and streamwater chemistry, Water Resources Res., 21, 51-63, 1985.

Cosby, B. J., G. M. Hornberger, J. N. Galloway, and R. F. Wright, Time scales of catchment acidification, Environ. Sci. Technol., 19, 1144-1149, 1985.

Cosby, B. J., R. F. Wright, G. M. Hornberger, and J. N. Galloway, Modeling the effects of acid deposition: Estimation of long-term water quality responses in a small forested catchment, Water Resources Res., 21, 1591-1601, 1985.

Côté, B., W. H. Hendershot, and I. O'Halloran, Response of sugar maple to seven types of fertilization in southern Quebec: Growth and nutrient status, in Huettl and Mueller-Dombois, eds., Forest Decline in the Atlantic and Pacific Region, Springer Verlag, 162-174, 1993.

Côté, B., and C. Camire, Application of leaf, soil, and tree ring chemistry to determine the nutritional status of sugar maple on sites of different levels of decline, Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 83, 363-373, 1995.

Côté, B., I. O'Halloran, W. H. Hendershot, and H. Spankie, Possible interference of fertilization in the natural recovery of a declining sugar maple stand in southern Quebec, Plant and Soil, 168-169, 471-480, 1995.

Coulson, R. N., Population dynamics, in R. C. Thatcher, J. L. Searcy, J. E. Coster, and G. D. Hertel, eds., The Southern Pine Beetle, Forest Service Tech. Bulletin 1631, US Dept. of Agriculture, Washington, DC, pp. 71-104, 1980.

Courchesne, F., G. R. Gobran,a nd A. Dufresne, The role of humic acid on sulfate retention and release in a podzol, Water, Air and Soil Pollut., 85, 1813-1818, 1995.

Cowell, D., and H. Apsimon, Estimating the cost of damage to buildings by acidifying atmospheric pollution in Europe, Atmos. Environ., 30, 2959-2968, 1996.

Cowling, E. B., Comparison of regional declines of forests in Europe and North America: The possible role of airborne chemicals, in Symposium, Effects of Air Pollutants on Forest Ecosystems, St. Paul, Minn., spons. by NAPAP, 217-234, May 8-9, 1985.

Cowling, E. B., Effects of air pollution on forests, J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc., 35, 916-919, 1985.

Craig, B. W., and A. J. Friedland, Spatial patterns in forest composition and standing dead red spruce in montaine forests of the Adirondacks and northern Appalachians, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 18, 129-143, 1990.

Creed, I. F., L. E. Band, N. W. Foster, I. K. Morrison, J. A. Nicolson, R. S. Semkin, and D. S. Jeffries, Regulation of nitrate-N release from temperate forests: A test of the N flushing hypothesis, Water Resources Res., 32, 3337-3354, 1996.

Cronan, C. S., and C. L. Schofield, Relationships between aqueous aluminum and acidic deposition in forested watersheds of North America and northern Europe, Environ. Sci. Technol., 24, 1100-1105, 1990.

Cronan, C. S., and D. F. Grigal, Use of calcium/aluminum ratios as indicators of stress in forest ecosystems, J. Environ. Qual., 24, 209-226, 1995.

Curran, P. J., J. A. Kupiec, and G. M. Smith, Remote sensing the biochemical composition of a slash pine canopy, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 35, 415-420, 1997.

Currie, W. S., J. N. Galloway, and H. H. Shugart, Watershed base-cation cycle dynamics modeled over forest regrowth in a central Appalachian ecosystem, Water, Air and Soil Pollut., 89, 1-22, 1996.

Currie, W. S., J. D. Aber, W. H. McDowell, R. D. Boone, and A. H. Magill, Vertical transport of dissolved organic C and N under long-term N amendments in pine and hardwood forests, Biogeochem., in press, 1996.

Dähne, J., D. Klingelhöfer, M. Ott, and B. M. Rothe, Liming induced stimulation of the amino acid metabolism in mycorrhizal roots of Norway spruce (Picea abies [L.] Karst.), Plant and Soil, 173, 67-77, 1995.

David, M. B., R. D. Fuller, I. J. Fernandez, M. J. Mitchell, L. E. Rustad, G. F. Vance, A. C. Stam, and S. C. Nodvin, Spodosol variability and assessment of response to acidic deposition, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 54, 541-548, 1990.

David, M. B., and G. B. Lawrence, Soil and soil solution chemistry under red spruce stands across the northeastern United States, Soil Sci., 161, 314-328, 1996.

Day, D. E., W. C. Malm, and S. M. Kreidenweis, Seasonal variations in aerosol composition and acidity at Shenandoaha and Great Smoky Mountains National Parks, J. Air & Waste Assoc., 47, 411-418, 1997. manage. A

Dean, T. J., and J. D. Johnson, Growth response of young slash pine trees to simulated acid rain and ozone stress, Can. J. For. Res., 22, 839-848, 1992.

DeFelice, T. P., and V. K. Saxena, Temporal and vertical distribution of acidity and ionic composition in clouds: Comparison between modeling results and observations, J. Atmos. Sci., 47, 1117-1126, 1990.

DeFelice, T. P., and V. K. Saxena, The characterization of extreme episodes of wet and dry deposition of pollutants on an above cloud-base forest during its growing season, J. Appl. Meteorol., 30, 1548-1561, 1991.

DeFelice, T. P., Investigation of wet acidic deposition episodes capable of damaging red spruce in the Mt. Mitchell State Park, Atmos. Res., 43, 325-344, 1997.

DeHayes, D. H., F. C. Thornton, C. E. Waite, and M. A. Ingle, Ambient cloud deposition reduces cold tolerance of red spruce seedlings, Can. J. For. Res., 21, 1292-1295, 1991.

Denning, A. S., I. Y. Fung, and D. Randall, Latitudinal gradient of atmospheric CO2 due to seasonal exchange with land biota, Nature, 376, 240-243, 1995.

Dennis, R. L., review of Atmospheric Sulfur and Nitrogen Oxides: Eastern North American Source-Receptor Relationships, G. M. Hidy, Academic Press, 1994, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 77, 776-778, 1996.

Dennis, R. L., Using the regional acid deposition model to determine the nitrogen deposition airshed of the Chesapeake Bay watershed, SETAC Book Chapter, in press.

Derwent, R., and P. Grennfelt, NOx in my back yard, Atmos. Environ., 30(17), i-ii, 1996.

Desanker, P. V., D. D. Reed, and E. A. Jones, Evaluating forest stress factors using various forest growth modeling approaches, Forest Ecol. Management, 69, 269-282, 1994.

de Steiguer, J. E., J. M. Pye, and C. S. Love, Air pollution damage to U.S. forests, J. Forestry, 88, 17-22, Aug. 1990.

Dethier, D. P., S. B. Jones, T. P. Feist, and J. E. Ricker, Relations among sulfate, aluminum, iron, dissolved organic carbon, and pH in upland forest soils of northwestern Massachusetts, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 52, 506-512, 1988.

Deumling, D., Barking up the wrong tree - out mistakes in explaining and combatting forest damage!, in Symposium, Effects of Air Pollutants on Forest Ecosystems, St. Paul, Minn., spons. by NAPAP, 191-200?, May 8-9, 1985.

de Visser, P. H. B., C. Beier, L. Rasmussen, K. Kreutzer, N. Steinberg, M. Bredemeier, K. Blanck, E. P. Farrell, and T. Cummins, Biological response of five forest ecosystems in the EXMAN project to input changes of water, nutrients and atmospheric loads, Forest Ecology and Management, 68, 15-29, 1994.

de Visser, P. H. B., and N. van Breemen, Effects of water and nutrient applications in a Scots pine stand to tree growth and nutrient cycling, Plant and Soil, 173, 299-310, 1995.

De Vries, W., M. Posch, and J. Kämäri, Simulation of the long-term soil response to acid deposition in various buffer ranges, Water, Air and Soil Pollut., 48, 349-390, 1989.

De Vries, W., J. Kros, and J. C. H. Voogd, Assessment of critical loads and their exceedance on Dutch forests using a multi-layer steady-state model, Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 76, 407-448, 1994.

De Vries, W., G. J. Reinds, and M. Posch, Assessment of critical loads and their exceedance on European forests using a one-layer steady-state model, Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 72, 357-394, 1994.

De Vries, W., G. J. Reinds, M. Posch, and J. Kämära, Simulation of soil response to acidic deposition scenarios in Europe, Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 78, 215-246, 1994.

De Vries, W., E. E. J. M. Leeters, C. M. A. Hendriks, H. van Dobben, J. van den Burg, and L. J. M. Boumans, Large scale impacts of acid deposition on forests and forest soils in the Netherlands, in G. J. Heij and J. W. Erisman, Acid Rain Research: Do We Have Enough Answers?, Elsevier, New York, 261-277, 1995.

De Vries, W., E. E. J. M. Leeters, and C. M. A. Hendriks, Effects of acid deposition on Dutch forest ecosystems, Water, Air and Soil Pollut., 85, 1063-1068, 1995.

De Vries, W., M. Posch, T. Oja, H. van Oene, H. Kros, P. Warfvinge, and P. A. Arp, Modelling critical loads for the Solling spruce site, Ecological Modelling, 83, 283-293, 1995.

DeWalle, D. R., W. E. Sharpe, and P. J. Edwards, Biogeochemistry of two Appalachian deciduous forest sites in relation to episodic stream acidification, Water, Air and Soil Pollut., 40, 143-156, 1988.

DeWalle, D. R., and B. R. Swistock, Causes of episodic acidification in five Pennsylvania streams on the northern Appalachian Plateau, Water Resources Research, 30, 1955-1963, 1994.

DeWalle, D. R., and H. B. Pionke, Nitrogen export from forest land in the Chesapeake Bay region, 1994/5.

DeWalle, D. R., W. E. Sharpe, and B. R. Swistock, Dendrochemistry and the soil chemical environment, Ch. 4 in ??, CRC Press, 81-93, 1995.

DeWalle, D. R., J. S. Tepp, C. J. Pickens, P. J. Edwards, and W. E. Sharpe, Tree-ring chemistry response in black cherry to ammonium sulfate fertilization, in K. W. Gottschalk and S. L. Fosbroke, eds., Proc., 10th Central Hardwood Forest Conf., March 5-8, 1995, Morgantown, WV, Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-1987, Radnor, Penn., Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, NEFES: 179-187.

Díaz, G., C. Azcón-Aguilar, and M. Honrubia, Influence of arbuscular mycorrhizae on heavy metal (Zn and Pb) uptake and growth of Lygeum spartum and Anthyllis cytisoides, Plant and Soil, 180, 241-249, 1996.

Díaz, G., O. Barrantes, M.Honrubia, and C. Gracia, Effect of ozone and sulphyr dioxide on mycorrhizae of Pinus halepensis Miller, Ann. Sci. For., 53, 849-856, 1996.

Dickson, R. E., and P. T. Tomlinson, Oak growth, development and carbon metabolism in response to water stress, Ann. Sci. For., 53, 181-196, 1996.

Dignon, J., NOx and SOx emissions from fossil fuels: A global distribution, Atmos. Environ., 26A, 1157-1163, 1992.

Dillenburg, L. R., J. H. Sullivan, J. H. and A. H. Teramura, Leaf expansion and development of photosynthetic capacity and pigments in Liquidambar styraciflua (Hamamelidaceae)--effects of UV-B radiation, Am. J. Botany, 82, 878-885, 1995.

Dillon, P. J., M. Lusis, R. Reid, and D. Yap, Ten-year trends in sulphate, nitrate and hydrogen deposition in central Ontario, Atmos. Environ., 22, 901-905, 1988.

Dise, N. B., and R. F. Wright, Nitrogen leaching from European forests in relation to nitrogen deposition, Forest Ecol. Management, 71, 153-161, 1995.

Dixon, A. F. G., Quality and availability of food for a sycamore aphid population, in A. Watson, ed., Animal Populations in Relation to Their Food Resources, Oxford, Edinburgh, pp. 271-287, 1970.

Dixon, M. J., and A. L. Kuja, Effects of simulated acid rain on the growth, nutrition, foliar pigments and photosynthetic rates of sugar maple and white spruce seedlings, Water, Air, and Soil Pollut., 83, 219-236, 1995.

Dixon, R. K., S. Brown, R. A. Houghton, A. M. Solomon, M. C. Trexler, and J. Wisniewski, Carbon pools and flux of global forest ecosystems, Science, 263, 185-190, 1994.

Dixon, R. K., and J. Wisniewski, Global forest systems: An uncertain response to atmospheric pollutants and global climate change?, Water, Air and Soil Pollut., 85, 101-110, 1995.

Dizengremel, P., T. W. Sasek, K. J. Brown, and C. J. Richardson, Ozone-induced changes in primary carbon metabolism enzymes of loblolly pine needles, J. Plant. Physiol, in press, 1994.

Downs, M. R., K. J. Nadelhoffer, J. M. Melillo, and J. D. Aber, Foliar and fine root nitrate reductase activity in seedlings of four forest tree species in relation to nitrogen availability, Trees, 7, 233-236, 1993.

Driscoll, C. T., N. van Breemen, and J. Mulder, Aluminum chemistry in a forested spodosol, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 49, 437-444, 1985.

Drogies, T., and R. Guderian, CO2 fixation in poplar leaves treated with ozone, Verhandlungen der Gesellschaf für Ökologie, 24, 271-273, 1995.

Drohan, J. R., and W. E. Sharpe, Long-term changes in forest soil acidity in Pennsylvanie, U.S.A., Water, Air, and Soil Pollut., 95, 299-311, 1997.

Dubey, T., S. L. Stephenson, and P. J. Edwards, Effect of pH on the distribution and occurrence of aquatic fungi in six West Virginia mountain streams, J. Environ. Qual., 23, 1271-1279, 1994.

Duckmanton, L., and P. Widden, Effect of ozone on the development of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae in sugar maple saplings, Mycologia, 86, 181-186, 1994.

Dudt, J. F., and D. J. Shure, The effect of anthracnose (Discula destructiva) infection on plant-herbivore interactions in dogwood (Cornus florida), Oecologia, 96, 108-113, 1993.

Dudt, J. F., and D. J. Shure, The influence of light and nutrients on foliar phenolics and insect herbivory, Ecology, 75, 86-98, 1994.

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Duncan, B. N., A. W. Stelson, and C. S. Kiang, Estimated contribution of power plants to ambient nitrogen oxides measured in Atlanta, Georgia in August 1992, Atmos. Environ., 29, 3043-3054, 1995.

Dünisch, O., and J. Bauch, Influence of mineral elements on wood formation of old growth spruce (Picea abies [L.] Karst.), Holzforschung, 48 Suppl., 5-14, 1994.

Dupont, E., J. Pelon, and C. Flamant, Study of the moist convective boundary-layer structure by backscattering lidar, Boundary Layer Meteorol., 69, 1-25, 1994.

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