Originals ...

Race rhymes / Carrie W. Clifford.
Washington, D.C. : R. L. Pendleton, 1911.
28 p. : port. ; 23 cm.
The widening light / Carrie Williams Clifford.
Boston: Walter Reid Co., 1922
ix, 65 p. ; 23 cm.

Reprinted work ...

AUTHOR: Clifford, Carrie Williams, 1862-1934.
TITLE: The widening light.
IMPRINT: New York, Crowell [1971]
DESCRIPTION: xiii, 98 p. port. 21 cm.
SERIES: Apollo editions.
NOTE: Poems.
OCLC # 139656.
ISN/STD # 0161-46060.
LCCN: 74132308.

Biographical Sketch

The author of these poems, Carrie Williams Clifford, was a force in the "black movement" in the days of its first stirrings. Born in Chillicothe, Ohio, in 1862, Carrie Williams grew up and was educated in Ohio. It was there that she founded the Ohio Federation of Colored Women's Clubs, the first such organization in the nation. She was married in Columbus, Ohio to William H. Clifford, a lawyer and colorful Republican member of the Ohio State Legislature, who cast the deciding vot e which sent Mark Hanna to the U.S. Congress. Later Carrie, her husband and two sons also moved from Cleveland, where they had made their home, to Washington, D.C.

Washington was, at that time, the hub of black intellectual activity, much of it centered around Howard University and its distinguished faculty. It was in Washington that Carrie Clifford began to write and to work in earnest for her people. She counted a mong her personal friends and close associates such literary figures as W.E.B. DuBois, Charles Chestnutt, Georgia Douglas Johnson, and Alain Locke. The group of colleagues who gathered in her home of a Sunday evening included the most vital figures of the day. Mary Church Terrell, William L. Hunt, Amanda Hilyer, Harry T. Burleigh, Will Marion Cook, B. K. Bruce - such persons as these were creating the cultural and political heritage for black Americans that preceded and gave impetus to the so-called "Harlem Renaissance" of the 1930's.

Carrie Clifford was a member of the Niagara Movement from which the N.A.A.C.P. emerged. She was a spokesman for women's rights. She was a black woman who lived and spoke and wrote and worked ceaselessly for the rights of all black people. Her poems, though written at the turn of the century, have a very special relevance today when there is such a widespread awakening of interest in what Dr. Du Bois called the "souls of b lack folk" for these are truly black poems -- with soul.
Rosemary Clifford Wilson - introduction to _The Widening Light_(1971).

Other writings ...

Sowing for Others to Reap - A collection of papers on various subjects of vital importance to the race. Prepared by some of the most distinguished women of the Ohio Federation of Colored Women's Clubs / Edited by Mrs. Carrie W. Clifford, State Presid ent.
Cleveland, OH/ Boston, MA : Charles W. Alexander, 1900.
48 p. ; 21 cm.

"The Business Career of Mrs. M.E. Williams" _Colored American Magazine_ 1905 pp. 477-481.

Biography/genealogy of her mother ...
"Cleveland and Its Colored People" _Colored American Magazine_ 1905 pp.365-381.


Willis Richardson and Carrie Williams Clifford
Papers of the National Association of Colored Women's Clubs - Inventory/Microfilm edition